Many people might think of counseling as limited to those suffering from severe mental health problems. In reality, there are plenty of counseling types to choose from. I fact, counseling can help fix your family’s everyday hassles and worries. And interestingly, they come in specialty-specific types.
Here are five different counseling types that you and your family might want to know.
Marriage Or Couples Counseling
Conflict is an inevitable part of any marriage or relationship. Often, couples can resolve minor conflicts on their own. But major issues may require the assistance of a counselor.
In this context, a counselor could act as a short-term mediator between a couple or partner. Counselors can observe family customs and behaviors to see whether these factors contribute to the issue. Marriage counselors then use their insights in creating and recommending treatment plans. It is one of the solutions that can help couples achieve balance and understanding within the family.
There are many problems that marriage counseling can focus on. But the majority of them are marital conflicts, children or adolescent behavior, or issues with domestic violence. Infertility and similar conflicts are also within the scope of this type.
Mental Health Counseling
Mental health awareness is fast growing as a global concern. Major health institutions are considering mental health problems as real and legitimate medical conditions. With that, many people today are becoming more open to talking about their issues.
Luckily, there is also a type of counseling intended for resolving mental health problems.
Mental health counseling uses different approaches in helping clients achieve healing and progress in life. The type of treatment a client could receive depends on an attending professional’s education and overall experience. Often, counselors for mental health subject their patients to the following:
- psychodynamic therapy,
- humanistic therapies,
- cognitive-behavioral therapy, or
- an integration of different methods.
For some cases, counseling alone won’t suffice. In that case, they can collaborate and work with primary care physicians and psychiatrists.
You may find mental health counseling services in diverse settings like
- the usual health institutions (hospitals, clinics, community health centers)
- private practices (business, government agencies, correctional facilities).
Counseling For Substance Abuse
Substance abuse can affect someone of any age or gender. It only means that your partner or your child could be vulnerable at any time.
Counseling for substance abuse can help mitigate or maintain avoidance from dangerous substances. If a family member has confessed to this problem and seeks help, attending to a counselor could be a good option.
Counselors can teach clients healthy coping habits to overcome substance abuse. They can help strategize plans on how clients can achieve recovery and avoid tending to relapse. Counseling for substance abuse is a continuous and ongoing activity. Clients of this type need constant reminders to adhere to their strategies or plans for long-term recovery.
This counseling type may also act as a preventive measure for people who could be vulnerable to substance abuse. Family members, particularly children, will hopefully learn about the harms and dangers of becoming dependent on dangerous drugs.
Most people living with a disability might have physical, mental, or cognitive difficulties that may affect their daily routines. To help a family member who has a disability, expert advice from counselors could be a big help in moving forward.
Rehabilitation counselors tend to specialize in one disability when working. They can help assess people recovering from the spinal cord or head injuries and those who have deafness or blindness.
You can find services of rehabilitation counseling in state departments or community institutions. Private sectors such as schools, drug rehabilitation facilities, government agencies, and hospitals can also offer rehabilitation counseling.
School or Educational Counseling
Bullying is a grave concern, especially for the youth. Not all school children will encounter one. But bullying in schools can affect a person emotionally or psychologically. And these unpleasant experiences can deteriorate one’s self-esteem and growth as an individual in general.
Counselors in education can help make sure that both the victim and the bully get the psychological help they deserve. They may also act as mediators to fix conflicts. And hopefully, bridge friendship and understanding between the two sides.
Aside from aiding with bullying in schools, education counseling can also be beneficial for a child academically. If your child has been experiencing difficulties learning a specific subject area, an educational counselor could help. They could assess what learning methodologies are suitable for your child. They can also identify if there are factors such as the learning environment that prevent them from performing well.
Moreover, there is another major contribution in educational counseling – career development. Using your child’s major strengths and weaknesses, counselors may assess the best types of career for your son or daughter. If your child seems to be indecisive on what programs or degrees to take in college, career assessment can serve as a guide. School counselors may also help your child with opportunities to study abroad or any similar activities.
Educational counseling may involve individuals or groups. In some cases, it may also ask the help from parents. Professionals in this field help school children and youths overcome most of their problems in the academe.
There are plenty of ways counseling can fit in as a solution to your family’s personal or social needs. It helps fix marriage and relationship turmoil and supports your child to be the best in school. There is an abundance of help in counseling if you find the right type for your problems.
Also, since this activity continuously occurs, your counselor must be good in his profession. Moreover, your family should feel comfortable with him or her.
In terms of expenses, there is no standard fee in a counseling session. The type of counseling and the institution providing it could mean the differences in cost and overall expenses. Look at your available resources, location, and personal preferences in choosing a counseling provider or institution. It will prevent you from occasionally changing your counselor, which can be an additional hassle for your time and finances.